Waterfront Property – with a Garden Pond
You don’t need acres of land or barrels of money to create a beautiful pond in your own backyard. Installing a garden pond is a weekend project that will provide a new point of interest in your garden and can be done for under $200.

Before you buy your carp, here are few pointers:

Location, Location, Location

Select a spot that is level and, if you want to add fish, out of direct sunlight. Make sure that there is enough room for the pond as well as plantings. To complete the job, you’ll need: a shovel, a garden hose, ax, metal rake, bucket, sand, plastic liner or shell, pump and filter and, most importantly, your imagination.

Dig It

After you’ve found the perfect location for your pond, you’ll need to decide whether you want a hard-shell liner or a flexible vinyl liner. A hard shell is more durable, but you’ll have to dig more precisely to match the exact shape of the shell. A vinyl liner allows you to create a free-form pond and is more forgiving than rigid plastic. But, it can rip.

If you choose a hard-shell liner, you can purchase them in various sizes and shapes at any good garden store. Place the shell on the ground and spray around the bottom edges. This will create a watery outline for you to use as a pattern to dig. Make your hole a few inches deeper than the pond and pour sand into the hole to stabilize and level the liner. Then place the liner into the hole and fill the liner with water; use a level to determine if it is set evenly in the ground. Once the water is level, fill in around the edges with more sand and then with topsoil.

If you decide to use a vinyl liner, use your garden hose to outline the shape of your pond. Dig out the hole and make sure that there are no roots or sharp rocks that might tear the liner. Keep in mind that if you want to add fish to your pond, you will have to dig below the frost line. Here in Massachusetts, that will be around two feet deep. You might want to line the hole with sand and smooth it out before you place the liner in. Use heavy rocks to secure the ends of the liner at ground level. Now you are ready to landscape your pond and add water. 

Pump it Up

Before you purchase a pump, you need to know how many gallons of water are in your pond. Better to err on the side of a too-large pump and have more than enough air for your fish and water plants. Make sure that there is electricity within easy reach of your pond and that the cords will be completely and safely disguised.