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• Mortgage interest – Under the current tax rules, you can deduct, with some exceptions, the interest paid on up to $1million of mortgages used to buy, build or substantially improve your primary residence or vacation home, as well as interest paid on up to $100,000 of home equity debt.
• Property taxes – You can deduct the full amount of property taxes you pay on your primary and vacation homes each year.
• Mortgage prepayment penalties, mortgage insurance and late fees – Prepayment penalties are considered interest, so they’re deductible, but mortgage insurance payments are not. As for late fees, if the fee is calculated as interest paid for each day your payment is late, it’s deductible, but if the mortgage simply charges a flat rate for late payments, it’s not.
• Home repairs and improvements – Money spent to repair your primary home and, in most cases, your vacation home, is not tax deductible. However, if you take a home equity loan to pay for repairs, the interest paid on that loan is usually deductible.
As for money spent to make improvements or additions to your primary or vacation home, that’s not deductible either. But, interest paid on loans you use for improvements or additions usually is. Moreover, unlike repairs, money spent for improvements or additions can be added to the cost basis of your home, which may then lower your capital gains tax when you sell it.
A Final Reminder: Since the rules governing tax deductions taken on your home are – like most tax rules – complicated and have a number of exceptions and limitations, you should always consult with your accountant before filing your tax return to make certain you take these deductions properly.
For more Money Sense, visit our Family Finances pages.
Rick Shaffer is an attorney, financial writer and host of “The Money Show,” a call-in radio show.