A pigment called chlorophyll helps turn water, air and light energy into food for plants. When a plant contains a lot of chlorophyll, it appears green. There are also other pigments present, such as purple, red and yellow, but these colors are masked by the green chlorophyll. During the fall, the production of chlorophyll decreases due to the change in temperature. This is when the other pigments appear, and the leaves display brilliant colors. But this also means that the leaves are reaching the end of their life cycle – and that it’s time to hunt down that garden rake you put away months ago!
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